by Elaine Ernst Schneider
Objective(s): By the end of this lesson the student will be able to:
1. Define the term ‘adverb’
2. Identify and justify examples of adverbs from a sentence.
Pre Class Assignment: Completion or review of VERBS
The adverb is the fifth of the eight parts of speech. Just for the record, here are all eight:
noun, pronoun, adjective, verb, adverb, preposition, conjunction, and interjection.
First, let’s start with a basic definition:
Adverbs modify verbs. An adverb can also modify adjectives and other adverbs.
Adverbs answer these questions:
TO WHAT EXTENT?
Commonly used Adverbs:
Here, there, away, up — tell WHERE
Now, then, later, soon, yesterday — tell WHEN
Easily, quietly, slowly, quickly — tell HOW
Never, always, often, seldom — tell HOW OFTEN
Very, almost, too, so, really — tell TO WHAT EXTENT
1. The two dark cats were walking slowly on the fence.
Slowly – modifies the verb walking and tells how the cats were walking
2. Now it is time to trim the very long grass in the front yard.
Now – modifies the verb is and tells when
Very – modifies the adjective long and tells to what extent
3. She is never too easily frightened away.
Never – modifies the verb is and tells how often
Too – modifies the adverb easily and tells to what extent
Easily – modifies the adjective frightened and tells how
Away – modifies the adjective frightened and tells where
Assignment and Answer Key:
Find the adverbs in the following sentences.
1. Today, Sam suggested that we carefully clean the statue for the class service project.
2. The bank book is often there on the desk.
3. Jeanne could always clearly see the mountain through the binoculars Dan gave her.
4. The teacher never asked the shy boy to give an oral report.
5. He was too scared to consider a lengthy conversation with the extremely beautiful girl.
6. Do you have a special someone in your life now?
7. Her story was printed in the town paper much later.
1. today – tells when
carefully – tells how
2. often – tells how often
there – tells where
3. always – tells how often
clearly – tells how
4. never – tells how often
5. too – tells to what extent
extremely – tells to what extent
6. now – tells when
7. much – tells to what extent
later – tells when