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<— 10,000
BC  —->
——-> 1527 —– ->
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I Remember


New York 

“I’m in a New York state of mind.”
In his hit song “New York State of Mind,” Billy Joel contemplated heading for New York City because he was in a “New York state of mind.”  Simon and Garfunkle were likewise attracted to the “tall skyline … lookin’ down on Central Park” and they wrote the lyrics to prove it in “A Heart in New York.” It’s the Big Apple! The entertainment capitol! Broadway, Washington Square, Central Park – all romanticized in popular songs such as Dorsey Brothers’ “Lullaby of Broadway.” Frank Sinatra immortalized “vagabond shoes … in the city that never sleeps” in the 1980 rendition of “New York, New York.”

But the words to these songs tell only part of the story of New York. While there are the wealthy – the businessmen, the stock market investors, and the fashion designers – the poor also walk the streets of New York. Protector of the lady in New York Harbor, native New Yorkers have watched their city act as host to many immigrants.  And to many, the Statue of Liberty has meant a new life. To others, the lady on Ellis Island stands as a symbol for dreams that slipped away. Certainly the city of New York is a collection of ethnic and financial diversity, from the mansions of Park Avenue to the black and Spanish Harlem areas.

Yet in the big picture of metropolitan urbanity, New York still “melts little town blues” in more hearts than Frank’s. A port city by way of the Hudson River and the Atlantic Ocean, New York economy thrives on opportunities afforded the city because of shipping and water recreation. New York City is a center for world trade, investment, printing and publication, communications, the arts, and fashion. Many of the country’s television and radio networks headquarter there as well.

In a cruel act, New York was pummeled  by terrorists who crashed planes into the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001. The city that never sleeps awoke to bedlam and despair. Countless lives were lost.

But count New York as surviving. The “New York state of mind” is a hard thing to crush. Though a melting pot of people from many walks of life, they are all “New Yorkers.” The rich and the homeless, the white and the black, the fashion expert and the stock investor will band together – and the lady in the harbor will watch as New Yorkers rebuild the skyline city.

Large urban agglomeration – “Large what?” you say. “Agglomeration.” Look it up! Here’s a hint: New York occupies a section of the mainland, Manhattan and Staten Islands, the western part of Long Island, and other islands in New York Harbor.

Botanical research – New York Botanical Garden is a leading center of botanical research. Railroad Beginnings – Home to New York Central Railroad Company, one of the first US railroads that connected the East Coast with the rest of the country.

Boroughs – New York has counties and boroughs. Do you know the difference?

New York Clam Chowder
Port city eating at its best! Try this chowder.
Assemble the following ingredients:
2 chowder clams
½ cup boiling water
4 cups cold water
1 cup ½” potato cubes
½ cup ½” carrot cubes
1 medium onion, finely chopped
¼ cup diced celery
¼ pound salt port
1 cup stewed canned tomatoes, drained
½ teaspoon thyme
1/8 teaspoon pepperScrub clams. Put clams in kettle with ½ cup boiling water. Cover. Steam until clam shells open. Remove clams from their shells. Chop hard part of clams finely but leave the softer portions large. Reserve the clam liquid (called clam liquor.)

In second kettle with cold water, add potatoes, carrots, and celery. Simmer 15 minutes. Add pork and onion. Cook on low heat for 15 minutes. Add clams, clam liquid, tomatoes, and thyme. Cook for 1 hour.

New York Pizza Dough
To do it the “New York” way takes a little time, but it’s lots of fun to make the dough from “scratch.” Put on a big apron and give it a try!
Assemble the following ingredients:
1 teaspoon active dry yeast
3 cups flour
½ teaspoon salt

Pour water into a mixing bowl and sprinkle in the yeast. Stir gently with fork until yeast is dissolved. Mix 1 cup flour and the salt. Add to bowl and mix with yeast and water. Add the second cup of flour. Mix. Dough will begin to form a soft mass suitable for kneading.

Measure out the third cup of flour. Sprinkle some flour on a wooden cutting board. Also flour hands. Remove all dough from bowl and transfer to wooden surface. Knead the dough, working in the third cup of flour a little at a time. Knead until no raw flour remains. Wash hands.

Lightly coat 2-quart bowl with vegetable oil. Roll the ball of dough around in the bowl to coat it with a film of oil. Leave dough in bowl, tightly sealing the bowl with plastic wrap. Place in a warm place.

Dough will double in size. This usually takes 45 – 60 minutes. Punch it down and knead it for 3 minutes. Return dough to the bowl and refrigerate for 15 minutes.

Stretch dough into the shape desired for pizza.

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For more Lesson Plans in the Subject:
History Grade 1 Click Here
History Grade 3 Click Here
History Grade 5 Click Here