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Lesson Tutor: Music Time Terms

  /  Lesson Tutor: Music Time Terms

Elements of Music Notation : Time Terms and Definitions
by Elaine Ernst Schneider

Alphabetical Definitions

Term
Definitions
Example Sheet Music and Midi files from www.8notes.com and
Amazon
accelerandoquickening, getting faster little by little
adagiovery slowBach
Jesu, bleibet meine freude
allegrofast, cheerfulBeethoven
Ode To Joy
andantemoderateBizet; Habanera
a temporeturn to previous time
common time4/4 time, quadruple meterGrieg; In the Hall of the Mountain King
Mendelssohn; Wedding March
duple meter2 beats to a meter
graveextremely slow and solemn
largovery slowChopin; Funeral March
prestovery fastJoplin; The Entertainer
ritardandogradually getting slower
rubatoflexible time
temporate or speed of the music
tempo di marcia oralla marciamarchingTchaikovsky March of the Nutcracker
vivacea lively tempoTraditonal French Alouette
Vivaldi Spring
Traditional Isreali Hava Nagila
waltz time3/4 timeStrauss Blue Danube
Wahlteufel Skater’s Waltz
Traditional Greensleeves

By Time

slowest

fastest
grave:  extremely slow and solemn (funeral, graveside)largo: very slow (giants dragging their feet)adagio:  very slow

ritardando: gradually getting slower

andante:  moderate

rubato: flexible time

vivace: a lively tempo (vivacious)

allegro:  fast, cheerful

presto: very fast (A magician’s hands are quicker than the eye)

As the time becomes faster, the notes tend to become shorter and the rests fewer.
As the time becomes slower, notes are held longer with rests and pauses more pronounced.
Printable Wordsearch Puzzles: Time and Tone Vocabulary
Worksheet Number 1
Worksheet Number 2

 

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