good faith and justice towards all nations; cultivate peace and harmony
with all. Religion and morality enjoin this conduct; and can it be that
good policy does not equally enjoin it? .
. .}"George Washington
in his Farewell Address
week's theme is George Washington. He was our country's first president
and a great man.. Here you will find ideas, links to activities, worksheets
and lots more.
is what the Concise Columbia Electronic Encyclopdia tells us about him:
1st president of the U.S., commander in chief of the Continental Army in
the American Revolution, called the Father of his Country; b. Feb. 22,
1732 (Feb. 11, 1731, O.S.), Westmoreland co., Va., into a wealthy family.
He became a surveyor as a young man and was one of the principals of the
Ohio Company, whose purpose was the exploitation of Western lands. An officer
in the militia, he fought in the last of the French & Indian Wars and
was named (1755) commander in chief of the Virginia militia with the rank
of colonel. He resigned in 1759, married, and turned his attention to his
plantation, Mount Vernon. He was a delegate (1774-75) to the Continental
Congress, which named him commander of the Continental forces after the
outbreak of hostilities with the British. He assumed command (July 3, 1775)
in Cambridge, Mass., and succeeded in capturing Boston from the British
(Mar. 17, 1776). Unable to defend New York City he was forced to retreat
successively to Westchester co., New Jersey, and Pennsylvania. He developed
his military skill by trial and error as he went along. On Christmas night,
1776, with morale at its lowest ebb, he and his troops crossed the Delaware
R. and defeated the British at Trenton and Princeton, N.J. Less successful
in his attempts to defend Philadelphia at Brandywine and Germantown, he
spent the winter of 1777-78 at Valley Forge in great misery and deprivation.
But he emerged with increased powers from Congress and a well-trained,
totally loyal army. After the battle of Monmouth (June 28, 1778), his fortunes
improved and subsequent victories preceded the surrender of Gen. Cornwallis
on Oct. 19, 1781 Washington retired to Mount Vernon, but his dissatisfaction
with the new government led him back into public life. He presided over
the second FEDERAL CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION (1787), where his prestige
and reputation were incalculable in the adoption of the CONSTITUTION OF
THE UNITED STATES. He was chosen unanimously as the first president and
took office on Apr. 30, 1789. His efforts to remain aloof from partisan
politics were unsuccessful, and the influence of Alexander Hamilton moved
him increasingly toward conservatism. His second term, openly Federalist,
was bitterly criticized by the Jeffersonians. Sickened by the partisan
struggles, he refused a third term and retired for the last time to Mount
Vernon in 1797. He died two years later, universally regarded as the one
without whom the American Revolution and the new republic could not have
succeeded. His wife, Martha Washington, 1731-1802, was born Martha Dandridge
in New Kent co., Va. Her first husband, by whom she had two children, was
Daniel Parke Custis, who died in 1757, leaving her one of the wealthiest
women in Virginia. She and Washington had no children.
Concise Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia Copyright© 1994. Columbia
University Press. Licensed from Lernout & Hauspie Speech Products N.V.
All rights reserved.
Arts,History) Read a book about George Washington.
Read to younger children and show pictures of him. Talk about who he was
and when he lived.
Arts) Have the children make their own memory
book of George
Washington. The link takes you to a wonderful page full of ideas for this
and a template
Art) Add him to the timeline.
History,Civics.Art) George Washington is honored
in many ways. Research some of these ways. Look up the Washington memorial.
Make a poster showing the things he is on.
is a good time to introduce quarters and the dollar bill to younger children.
Teach what these are worth. Make up word problems using them.
to count by 25 using quarters and hundreds using one dollar bills.How many
quarters in a dollar? How many pennies in a quarter?
pencil rubbings of George Washington by placing a piece of paper of the
coins and rubbing with a pencil or crayon.
the words to Yankee Doodle Dandy and sing it. If you play an instrument
learn to play it. Discuss what this song means.
(Language Arts,Civics, History)
is a leader? What makes a good leader? Make a list of qualities that you
think a good leader should have. Now read seevral of the books on Washington.
Make a list of the good qualities he had as a leader.
(Bible, Character) George
Washington was a man of God. In the book The Light and the Glory by Peter
Marshall this is brought out. How do you think this helped him? What happens
when we put God first in our lives. NOTE: The Light & the Glory has
an adult and children's version.
(Art, Civics, Government) Make
a campaign poster for Washington.
(Language Arts, Handwriting,Character,Bible)
up some of the things George Washington wrote in his copybook at 16. Do
they still apply today? Make you own copybook. Write down Bible verses
or good sayings.
(Art,Home Ec) Make
a tricorn hat -. Cut out 3 paper rectangles approximately 8" x 5". Draw
a curve line across the top of one. Cut it that out. Using this for a pattern
cut out the other 2 rectangles. Color them dark blue or brown with a yellow
strip along the curve. Tape the ends together to form a triangle.- Girls
could make a cap like Mrs. Washington would have worn. Cut out muslin circles
and sew a elastic strip around the circle, leaving an edge for a ruffle.
Martha Washington to your timeline. Find about her here: Martha
Washington at Grolier
a map mark Washington's birthplace as well as the places the variuos important
events took place. Mark the marches he was on and the path they took.
(History,Character, Art) Tell
the story of George and the Cherry Tree. Although this is probably a made
up story discuss honesting and telling the truth. Make cherry trees by
gluing twigs on construction paper to make trees. Paint green leaves on.
Let them dip their fingers in red paint to add cherries to the tree.
& Coloring Pages:
- Washington, George Worksheets (School Express)
first inaugural address.
D.A. A Picture Book of George Washington .
J.R. George Washington: A Biography .
Marcus. George Washington: Man & Monument .
I.M. and D'Aulaire, E.P. George Washington
Jeanette. Leader by Destiny: George Washington, Man & Patriot .
Lucille. George Washington: 1st President of the United States .
J.E. The First of Men: A Life of George Washington .
D.S. George Washington: A Biography, 7 vols. .
Aileen. My First Presidents' Day Book
J.N. Facts About the Presidents: A Compilation of Biographical and Historical
Information, 5th ed. .
Tom. George Washington
Milton. George Washington and the Birth of Our Nation
and Connie Roop, Buttons for General Washington
Augusta.-- George Washington: Young Leader
,Young George Washington: America's First President,
for you to check out:
basics facts and nice pictures here.
Plans on Colonial
America - American Revolution .
Line- America during the Age of Revolution, 1764-1775
from the Continental Congress and the Constitutional Convention.
George Washington a Christian?