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You are HERE >>  History/Geography/Social Studies : Cross Curriculum Unit Study
Target Audience : Students age 7 - 14
Unit Study: Let's Study Ancient Egypt Pt. 2
by Belinda Mooney
January 28, 2001




Ancient Egypt was a prosperous, flourishing nation for over 3000 years. Egypt at that time had two kingdoms: an Upper Kingdom and a Lower Egypt which was the northern kingdom. Each one had its own ruler. They fought with each other all the time. Around 3000 BC the Upper Kingdom under King Narmer conquered the Lower Kingdom and they became one nation. King Marner, who was also called Menes, was now the ruler over both. He built a new capital city called Memphis. This was a name the Greeks gave it the ancient Egyptian name meant "Balance of the Two Lands." The Kings of Ancient Egypt were called Pharaohs. Pharaoh was considered by his people to be a god. He had 5 different titles and each meant something different.

* Make a miniature book on the Pharaohs. Add any information you learn to it or to your notebook page on Pharaohs.

* Find out what "Pharaoh" means in Ancient Egyptian. Draw the Hieroglyphic symbol.

* Research and list the 5 titles of a Pharaoh and what each represented. Draw a picture representing what each one was.

* Mark the Upper and Lower Kingdom on your map.

* The Upper Kingdom and the Lower Kingdom had two different crowns which became one distinct design. Draw these three crowns, label and add to your notebook. *The Pharaoh carried two things to show he was the shepherd and defender of his people. What were they?
(Mom : Crook and Flail)

A Pharaoh's queen also played an important part. She was called the Great Royal Wife. She was to give the Pharaoh a son and if she had no sons, her daughter would marry the Pharaoh's son by one of his other wives. She dresses very beautifully and had lots of fancy clothes. She carried a scepter shaped like a lily. She often wore a headdress designed like the vulture goddess.

Some queens , like Queen Hatsheput, even ruled. The Ancient Egyptians tried to erase her from their history because she really wasn't supposed to rule. Queen Nefertiti was another one who ruled although she ruled with her husband. Another famous queen was Queen Nefertari and was married to Ramses II. Her tomb in the Valley of the Queens has some beautiful scenes on it.

* Make a scepter to carry. Use paper towel tubes or make one out of paper mache. If you are a girl, make yours in the shape of a lily.

* Add Menes and Ramese to your timeline and do a biography page on them.

* Add the three Queens listed above to your timeline and notebook.

* Make a poster or layered book of the Pharaohs of Egypt. Put their names, when they ruled and anything of importance that they did. Label the different dynasties.

* Find out who the longest reigning king was. (HINT : He ruled for 94 years) Add him to your timeline.

Continue your unit study on Egypt:
Let's Study Ancient Egypt Part I - Introduction
Let's Study Ancient Egypt Part II - Pharaohs
Let's Study Ancient Egypt Part III - 
Let's Study Ancient Egypt Part IV
Build an Egyptian Pyramid

Submitted by:  © Belinda MooneyBelinda Mooney is a homeschool mom of 7 children in their 14th year of homeschooling. She enjoys writing unit studies, reading, crafts, cooking and working on her websites. Belinda has written articles for The Toybox and Joyfull Noise magazines. She has been asked to contribute history content to Learning and Teaching Scotland for high schools in Scotland. Belinda is the content manager for,, and (coming soon). She is also the Thrifty tip guru at Jot a note to Belinda Mooney


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